Robert Schumann

Schumann in 1839 by [[Josef Kriehuber]], age 29 Robert Schumann}} (; 8 June 181029 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. His teacher, Friedrich Wieck, a German pianist, had assured him that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

In 1840, Schumann married Friedrich Wieck's daughter Clara Wieck, after a long and acrimonious legal battle with Friedrich, who opposed the marriage. A lifelong partnership in music began, as Clara herself was an established pianist and music prodigy. Clara and Robert also maintained a close relationship with German composer Johannes Brahms.

Until 1840, Schumann wrote exclusively for the piano. Later, he composed piano and orchestral works, and many Lieder (songs for voice and piano). He composed four symphonies, one opera, and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. His best-known works include ''Carnaval'', ''Symphonic Studies'', ''Kinderszenen'', ''Kreisleriana'', and the ''Fantasie in C''. Schumann was known for infusing his music with characters through motifs, as well as references to works of literature. These characters bled into his editorial writing in the ''Neue Zeitschrift für Musik'' (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication that he co-founded.

Schumann suffered from a mental disorder that first manifested in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode—which recurred several times alternating with phases of "exaltation" and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. What is now thought to have been a combination of bipolar disorder and perhaps mercury poisoning led to "manic" and "depressive" periods in Schumann's compositional productivity. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted at his own request to a mental asylum in Endenich (now in Bonn). Diagnosed with ''psychotic melancholia'', he died of pneumonia two years later at the age of 46, without recovering from his mental illness. Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 16 results of 16 for search 'Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856' Narrow Search
  1. by Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856
    Published 1997
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  2. Schumann
    [compact disc]
    by Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856
    Published 2018
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  3. Dichterliebe
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    by Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856
    Published 1994
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  4. Lieder
    Brahms Schumann Mahler
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  5. by Mackesy, Charlie
    Published 2019
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  6. Home
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    by Soltani, Kian
    Published 2018
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  7. Viola sonatas
    Sonatensatz op post
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    Published 2021
    Naxos Music Library
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  8. Lieder
    [compact disc]
    by Brahms, Johannes, 1833-1897
    Published 2015
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  9. Piano quartets
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    Published 2015
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  10. by Anderszewski, Piotr
    Published 2009
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  11. Bach
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  12. by Brahms, Johannes, 1833-1897
    Published 2011
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  13. For seasons
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    by Gonzales, Chilly
    Published 2017
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  14. The romantic piano
    [compact disc]
    Published 2018
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  15. Vocalise
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    by Mayer, Albrecht, 1965-
    Published 2016
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  16. Published 2011
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