Against the grain

a deep history of the earliest states
James C Scott
book club bag - 2017

An account of all the new and surprising evidence now available for the beginnings of the earliest civilizations that contradict the standard narrative. Why did humans abandon hunting and gathering for sedentary communities dependent on livestock and cereal grains, and governed by precursors of today's states? Most people believe that plant and animal domestication allowed humans, finally, to settle down and form agricultural villages, towns, and states, which made possible civilization, law, public order, and a presumably secure way of living. But archaeological and historical evidence challenges this narrative. The first agrarian states, says James C. Scott, were born of accumulations of domestications: first fire, then plants, livestock, subjects of the state, captives, and finally women in the patriarchal family-all of which can be viewed as a way of gaining control over reproduction. Scott explores why we avoided sedentism and plow agriculture, the advantages of mobile subsistence, the unforeseeable disease epidemics arising from crowding plants, animals, and grain, and why all early states are based on millets and cereal grains and unfree labor. He also discusses the "barbarians" who long evaded state control, as a way of understanding continuing tension between states and nonsubject peoples.

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Scott, James C. (Author)
Format: Book
Language:English
Published: New Haven : Yale University Press, [2017]
Series:Yale agrarian studies.
Subjects:
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Against the grain
a deep history of the earliest states
Book
by Scott, James C.
Published 2017
 Place a Hold

MARC

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245 1 0 |a Against the grain  |h [book club bag] :  |b a deep history of the earliest states /  |c James C. Scott. 
264 1 |a New Haven :  |b Yale University Press,  |c [2017] 
264 4 |c ©2017 
300 |a xvii, 312 pages :  |b illustrations, map ;  |c 22 cm. 
336 |a text  |b txt  |2 rdacontent 
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490 1 |a Yale agrarian studies 
504 |a Includes bibliographical references (pages 279-300) and index. 
505 0 |a A narrative in tatters : what I didn't know -- The domestication of fire, plants, animals, and... us -- Landscaping the world : the domus complex -- Zoonoses : a perfect epidemiological storm -- Agro-ecology of the early state -- Population control : bondage and war -- Fragility of the early state : collapse as disassembly -- The golden age of the barbarians. 
520 8 |a An account of all the new and surprising evidence now available for the beginnings of the earliest civilizations that contradict the standard narrative. Why did humans abandon hunting and gathering for sedentary communities dependent on livestock and cereal grains, and governed by precursors of today's states? Most people believe that plant and animal domestication allowed humans, finally, to settle down and form agricultural villages, towns, and states, which made possible civilization, law, public order, and a presumably secure way of living. But archaeological and historical evidence challenges this narrative. The first agrarian states, says James C. Scott, were born of accumulations of domestications: first fire, then plants, livestock, subjects of the state, captives, and finally women in the patriarchal family-all of which can be viewed as a way of gaining control over reproduction. Scott explores why we avoided sedentism and plow agriculture, the advantages of mobile subsistence, the unforeseeable disease epidemics arising from crowding plants, animals, and grain, and why all early states are based on millets and cereal grains and unfree labor. He also discusses the "barbarians" who long evaded state control, as a way of understanding continuing tension between states and nonsubject peoples. 
650 0 |a Agriculture  |x Origin. 
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650 0 |a Agriculture  |x Social aspects  |x History. 
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